Anzeige

Technisches Englisch
High-efficiency power amplifier could bring 5G cell phones

Elektrotechniker sollten englischsprachige Dokumentationen und Pläne lesen können. Dieser Beitrag erleichtert den Zugang zur englischen Sprache und vermittelt elektrotechnische Fachausdrücke.

amplifier symbol

amplifier symbol (Bild: P. Zillmer, ep)

Die nächste Generation der Mobilfunkübertragung steht vor der Tür: 5G

A new highly efficient power amplifier for electronics could help make possible next-generation cell phones, low-cost collision-avoidance radar for cars and lightweight microsatellites for communications.

Fifth-generation, or 5G, mobile devices expected around 2019 will require improved power amplifiers operating at very high frequencies. The new phones will be designed to download and transmit data and videos faster than today’s phones, provide better coverage, consumeless power and meet the needs of an emerging “Internet of things” in which everyday objects have network connectivity, allowing them to send and receive data.

Power amplifiers are needed to transmit signals. Because today’s cell phone amplifiers are made of gallium arsenide, they cannot be integrated into the phone’s silicon-based technology, called complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS). The new amplifier design is CMOS-based, meaning it could allow researchers to integrate the power amplifier with the phone’s electronic chip, reducing manufacturing costs and power consumption while boosting performance.

“Silicon is much less expensive than gallium arsenide, more reliable and has a longer lifespan, and if you have everything on one chip it’s also easier to test and maintain,” said Saeed Mohammadi, an associate professor of electrical and computer engineering at Purdue University. “We have developed the highest efficiency CMOS power amplifier in the frequency range needed for 5G cell phones and next-generation radars.” […]

The amplifier achieves an efficiency of 40 percent, which is comparable to amplifiers made of gallium arsenide.

The researchers created the new type of amplifier using a high-performance type of CMOS technology called silicon on insulator (SOI). The new amplifier design has several silicon transistors stacked together and reduces the number of metal interconnections normally needed between transistors, reducing “parasitic capacitance,” which hinders performance and can lead to damage to electronic circuits.

“We have merged transistors so we are using less metallization around the device, and that way we have reduced the capacitance and can achieve higher efficiencies,” Mohammadi said. “We are trying to eliminate metallization between transistors.”

The new amplifiers could bring low-cost collision-avoidance radars for cars and electronics for lightweight communications microsatellites.

The CMOS amplifiers could allow researchers to design microsatellites that are one-hundredth the weight of today’s technology. […]

The researchers are working on a new version of the amplifier that is twice as powerful. Further work will be needed to integrate the amplifier into a cell phone chip.

Science Daily: reprinted from materials

provided by Purdue University.

Original by Emil Venere

 

Vocabulary

achieve erreichen

allow ermöglichen

amplifier Verstärker

associate professor außerordentlicher Professor

collision avoidance Kollisionsvermeidung, -schutz

comparable vergleichbar

complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor sich ergänzender Metalloxid-Halbleiter

consume verbrauchen, konsumieren

coverage (Netz-)Abdeckung,

damage beschädigen

develop entwickeln

device Gerät

emerge erscheinen, in Erscheinung treten

expect erwarten

further weitere

hinder behindern, beeinträchtigen

improve verbessern

issue a patent ein Patent ausgegeben

lifespan Lebensspanne, Gebrauchsdauer

maintain instandhalten, warten

merge verschmelzen, verbinden, zusammenfügen

metallization (US), metallisation (UK) Metallisierung, Metallschichtung

one-hundredth ein Hundertstel

parasitic capacitance auch: stray capacitance Parasitärkapazität (unvermeidbare und unerwünschte Kapazität zwischen Teilen eines elektronischen Elements oder Schaltkreises, hervorgerufen durch die Nähe zueinander)

receive empfangen

reliable verlässlich

require erfordern, benötigen

silicon on insulator „Silikon auf einem Isolator“ (Silizium-Substrate auf einem isolierenden Material)

stacked together zusammen gestapelt, gesteckt

transmit übertragen, übermitteln

twice as zweimal son

 

Autor: P. Zillmer
 
Lesen Sie den Artikel in unserem Facharchiv.

Kommentare

botMessage_toctoc_comments_926
Anzeige