Technisches Englisch
Firefighter drone that flies, crawls up walls

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Demonstration of Wall-climbin (Youtube-Screenshots:

The 1974 American disaster film Towering Inferno depicted well the earnest struggles of firefighters engaged in ending a fire at a 138-storyskyscraper. To this day, fires at high-rise buildings are considered one of the most dangerous disasters.

Skyscraper fires are particularly difficult to contain because of their ability to spread rapidly in high-occupant density spaces and thechallenge of fighting fires in the buildings’ complex vertical structure. Accessibility to skyscrapers at the time of the fire is limited, and it is hard to assessthe initial situation.

A research team at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) led by Professor Hyun Myung of the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department developed an unmanned aerial vehicle, named the Fireproof Aerial RObot System (FAROS), which detects fires in skyscrapers, searches the inside of the building, and transfers data in real time from fire scenes to the ground station.

As an extended version of Climbing Aerial RObot System (CAROS) that was created in 2014 by the research team, the FAROS can also fly and climb walls.

The FAROS, whose movements rely on a quadrotorsystem, can freely change its flight mode into a spider’s crawling on walls, and vice versa, facilitating unimpeded navigation in the labyrinth of narrow spaces filled with debris and rubble inside the blazing building.

The drone “estimates” its pose by utilizing a 2-D laser scanner, an altimeter, and an Inertia Measurement Unit sensor to navigate autonomously. With the localization result and using a thermal-imaging camera to recognize objects or people inside a building, the FAROS can also detect and find the fire-ignition point by employing dedicated image-processing technology.

The FAROS is fireproof and flame-retardant. The drone’s body is covered with aramid fibers to protect its electric and mechanical components from the direct effects of the flame. The aramid fiber skin also has a buffer of air underneath it, and a thermoelectric cooling system based on the Peltier effect to help maintain the air layer within a specific temperature range.

The research team demonstrated the feasibilityof the localization system and wall-climbing mechanism in a smoky indoor environment. The fireproof test showed that the drone could endure the heat of over 1,000° Celsius from butane gas and ethanol aerosol flames for over one minute. […]

The research team has recently started toenhance the performance of the fireproof design for the exteroceptive sensors including a 2-D laser scanner and a thermal-imaging camera because those sensors could be more exposed to fire than other inside sensors and electric components.

Reprinted from provided by on Science Daily materialsThe Korea Advanced Institute of Scienceand Technology (KAIST)


accessibilityErreichbarkeit, Zugänglichkeit
aerial vehicleFluggerät
and vice versa und umgekehrt
aramid fibre Aramidfaser
assesseinschätzen, bewerten
blazing in Flammen stehen
challenge Herausforderung
climb klettern
contain eindämmen, unter Kontrolle bekommen
crawl kriechen
dedicated dezidiert, fest zugeordnet
depict zeigen, abbilden
earnesternst, ernsthaft, aufrichtig
endureaushalten, erdulden
enhance steigern, verbessern
exposedausgesetzt sein
exteroceptiveexterozeptiv, auf Außenreize reagierend
feasibility Machbarkeit
firefighter Feuerwehrmann, -frau; Feuerbekämpfungs-
high-occupant density spaces Räume mit hoher Bewohnerdichte
high-rise buildingHochhaus
narrow eng
particularly besonders
pose Haltung, Pose
quadrotor Luftfahrzeug mit vier in einer Ebene angeordneten, senkrecht nach unten wirkenden Rotoren oder Propellern
recentlykürzlich, vor kurzem
rely onsich verlassen auf


utilize (US), utilise (UK)



spider Spinne
spreadsich ausbreiten
story (US), floor (UK)Etage

 Autor: P. Zillmer

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